Boudhanath, another temple for Buddhist pilgrims located in the northeast of capital city, Kathmandu. It is one of the largest Buddhiststupa in the world. This stupa is the most beautiful and holiest site for Buddhist pilgrims. It is also considered as the center Tibetan culture in Kathmandu.
From above, BodnathStupa looks like a giant mandala, or diagram of the Buddhist cosmos. And as in all Tibetan mandalas, four of the DhyaniBuddhas mark the cardinal points, with the fifth, Vairocana, enshrined in the center (in the white hemisphere of the stupa). The five Buddhas also personify the five elements (earth, water, fire, air and ether), which are represented in the stupa’s architecture.
The attractive part of Boudhanathstupa is it’s architecture. It has very beautiful symbolic architecture. Every structures we see in this stupa have some meanings for its existence. From the top view, BoudhnathStupa looks like a big Mandala or we can say the Buddhist cosmos. Mandala is marked with four Buddhas and fifth one at the center of the stupa. These five Buddhas indicated five elements i.e air, water, fire, earth and space. This stupa carries much others symbolic meanings within it which makes it more popular and fascinating.
There are different mythology regarding the construction about the construction of Boudhnathstupa. Some believes that it was constructed during Lichhavi Dynasty aroung 550 B.C. Other believes that it was constructed by some Tibetan Emperor. But according to the Newar’sBoudhanath was constructed during Lichhavi period by the successor of King Bikramaditya, the then king.
One great reason is, it is one of the largest bouddhastupa in the world. The other is the mystery and symbol it carries is enough to understand both Hinduism and Buddhism. Only enjoying beauty won’t satisfy our human mind. It would be much better if we can know about the architecture and understand it.
List of all the structures that we will get to see in the stupa: